Testing VOCs In Paint - Paint Analysis Using Chromatography

Why Should Paint Be Analysed?

VOC’s In Paint During Manufacture

Solvents, also known as volatile organic compounds (VOCs), play a crucial role in various industries by dissolving solutes and forming solutions. They can exist in liquid, gas, or solid states. Among their many applications, one of the key uses is in the field of paint production. In the paint industry, solvents effectively dissolve or disperse components within the paint formulation, ensuring the paint achieves the desired consistency for smooth and even application, eliminating any clumps or uneven patches.

VOCs which are responsible for the distinct smell of paint are now recognized as being environmentally harmful, especially in confined spaces. During the painting process, numerous VOCs are released into the environment, leading to increased levels of ozone gas in the atmosphere. This, in turn, can contribute to higher incidences of asthma, respiratory issues, and cancer cases. To address indoor pollution, governments are enforcing stricter regulations concerning the permissible levels of VOCs in paint and in in interior building coatings. Consequently, there is a growing demand for the development of low-VOC or zero-VOC paints to safeguard human and environmental health.

VOCs in Paint. Discover how chromatography is used for painting analysis using ASTM D6886.

How are VOCs in Paint Measured?

The EU directive 2004/42/EC defines VOCs as organic compounds with an initial boiling point equal to or less than 250°C, measured at a standard pressure of 101.3 kPa. It further specifies that VOC content in paint should be measured and determined using the analytical test method ISO 11890-2, which is used for water-borne paints expected to have a VOC content between 0.1 and 15% by mass.

Manufacturers commonly employ ASTM international standards D6886 and D268-22 as the preferred methods to analyze the quality of their paint products. These standards offer detailed procedures for sampling and testing VOCs used in the production of paints and related items.

Gas chromatography is a widely used analytical technique for paint analysis, and the SCION GC adheres to ISO method 11890-2 as well as ASTM D6886 and D268-22. This ensures accurate and reliable assessment of paint composition.

Art Conservation Painting Analysis

Did you know that art conservators employ chromatography as an analytical tool to study old paintings? By utilizing this technique, they gain valuable insights into the painting’s creation process, the materials utilized, and any restoration it might have undergone.

VOCs in Paint - ASTM D6886

Chromatography enables conservators to perform thorough repairs and protection of old paintings and also aids in the detection of counterfeit artworks. Among the commonly used paint analysis instruments is GC-MS (Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry). This powerful analytical method assists in identifying the specific components of these materials, contributing to a more comprehensive understanding of the artwork’s composition and history.

Chromatography Solutions for VOCs In Paint

We take great pride in providing advanced chromatography solutions to support the paint manufacturing industry. Our SCION 8500 GC coupled with dual channel FID, has been specifically configured for paint analysis.

When it comes to VOC analysis in paint, the most widely used chromatography techniques include gas chromatography with flame ionization detection (FID), gas chromatography-mass spectrometer detection (GC-MS), and gas chromatography with electron capture detection (ECD). Each of these methods offers valuable insights into the composition of solvents used in paint, allowing for precise monitoring and compliance with regulations.

Related Application Notes

While we haven’t yet created a dedicated application note for paint analysis, our extensive collection of VOC application notes is readily available. If you have questions about analyzing VOCs in paints please get in touch with us directly or through your local representative.